Teen Problems and Psychological Issues
page is your gateway to various teen problems and psychological issues.
A brief description is given on this page and access to fuller
information by following the links
[For professional reference you are referred to the Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision. In
the counseling business it is referred to as the DSM-IV.]
Lets you jump
down to a specific section on this page.
Includes sexual as well as physical abuse. Abuse can be verbal and
Anger is an emotion that becomes an issue when in excess or explosive.
Many things can drive the anger in teens, including depression,
especially in young teens.
anxiety looks much like adult anxiety. It is characterized by excessive
fearfulness and worry. On this page we talk about generalized anxiety
and adjustment disorder with anxiety. However, the various kind of
anxieties include post traumatic stress, panic attacks, acute stress,
agoraphobia, social phobia, and phobias. Each of these is discussed
Are the sudden onset of
feelings of panic. This sense of panic is usually accompanied by a
number of psychological and physiological changes. It is a
period of intense fear or discomfort.
accompanies panic attacks. Agoraphobia means fear of being outside,
being in a crowd, traveling in a bus, train, or car, among others. In
general it means being fearful about being away from home, especially
if by oneself.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
is characterized by re-experiencing a highly traumatic event. The
survivors of national disasters (e.g. 9/11, hurricanes, earthquakes,
etc.), solders returning from war, assault and abuse victims, are just
some of the traumas that can set off a PTSD attack.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
is where one's is plagued by obsessive thoughts that are irrational and
will not go away. Compulsion is repetitive behavior(s) that the person
feels s/he must perform to get the obsession to go away.
differs from Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder, which is a
pervasive pattern of preoccupation with orderliness and perfectionism,
that is usually seen in adults, not teens. Although its onset can be
seen sometimes in adolescence, we do not discuss this disorder here.
about being irrationally afraid of something. Some examples: flying,
heights, animals (e.g. spiders, bugs, snakes), and injections.
Also known sometimes as social anxiety disorder, is a fear of social
when a person is exposed to a trauma in which death or serious injury
were possible or actual. The person's response involved intense fear,
horror, or helplessness.
surprisingly large percentage of troubled teens are adopted. Even in
the best of families, these teens can struggle with abandonment, trust,
and attachment issues.
Deficit and Disruptive Behaviors
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
children and teens have this diagnosis. There is a high co-occurrence
of ADHD with Conduct Disorder or Oppositional Defiance Disorder. ADHD
can occur in the attention deficit form, the hyperactivity form, or
both together and create teen problems in other areas.
Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD)
A pattern of defiant behaviors that can include arguing with adults,
loss of temper, active defiance, etc.
Conduct Disorder (CD)
More severe than ODD. Involves the repetitive, persistent violation of
others, animals and/or people.
Disruptive Behavior Disorder
This category is for disorders that do not quite meet ODD and CD
a qualitative impairment in social interactions and restrictive,
repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behaviors, interests, or
activities. It can be confused with NLD. We put Asperger's and NLD
together here because on the surface they look similar.
Non-verbal Learning Disability (NLD)
inept, physically clumsy, has difficulty with math and general
visual-spacial processing. There are deficits in information processing
and organizational skills.
Includes reading, mathematics, and written expression disorders.
and teens that were adopted or that were abused or neglected as very
young babies, often have attachment issues. This creates a number of
teen problems for the teen and family. Attachment is about the
inability or difficulty in forming normal human relationships and
bonds. Many of these children have attachment issues, i.e. have
difficulties forming these bonds. On the extreme is RAD, where there is
a sever disturbance of this ability.
Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, worthlessness, and other symptoms
can be signals of depression. There is clinical depression and
dysthymia, a low grade, long term depression.
Involves cycles of depression and manic episodes. There are two basic
Is a milder form of bi-polar disorder. Both the depression and mania
are less sever.
Can include children of alcohols (COA) or parents who addicts to other
drugs, and teen use of drugs and alcohol.
Divorce often throws the family and teen into conflicts. Acting out,
anger, anxiety, depression can all result in teen problems.
This is another big area. If you are having trouble with your teen,
most likely there is a parent-teen relationship problem.
Index to Teen Problems and Issues:
Enroll in our free e-newsletter, Mustang Medicine Works Mental Musings,
now and get a free e-booklet,
Basic Meditation, by Darrell Yardley, click
Join us on Twitter.com